Flying in instrument meteorological conditions (low visibility and clouds) requires additional training. This further develops flying skills with safety training and also provides opportunities to become a more proficient pilot.
Under the FAA Part 61, the time required to train for an Instrument Rating is at least 50 hours of cross-country flying as a Pilot in Command (PIC), of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes for an Instrument Airplane rating; and 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time on the Instrument areas of operation, that includes at least:
- 15 hours of instrument training with an instructor in the aircraft category, that includes at least:
- 3 hours of the instrument training were within the preceding 60 days prior to the practical test; and 1 IFR cross-country flight of more than 250 nm. in the instrument-aircraft rating sought.
NOTE: Per 61.65(a)(1), must Hold at least a current private pilot certificate with an airplane rating to the instrument rating sought; Read more
If you are learning to fly because you want to work as a pilot, this is a significant step for your professional preparation. McAir can help you train for the minimum standards required for commercial work including flight instruction, banner towing, commercial airline pilot*** and more. Commercial pilots are able to fly passengers for hire, transport cargo, or pursue a career as a flight instructor, charter pilot***, airline pilot*** and more. The sky is the limit!
Under the FAA Part 61, the required time for a Commercial Pilot with an airplane category and single-engine class rating must log at least 250 hours of flight time as a pilot that consists of at least:
- 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
- 100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time, which includes at least
- 50 hours in airplanes; and
- 50 hours in cross-country flight of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes.
- 20 hours of training on the areas of operation listed in 61.127(b)(1) of this part that includes at least
- Ten hours of instrument training using a view-limiting device including attitude instrument flying, partial panel skills, recovery from unusual flight attitudes, and intercepting and tracking navigational systems. Five hours of the 10 hours required on instrument training must be in a single engine airplane;
- 10 hours of training in a complex airplane, a turbine-powered airplane, or a technically advanced airplane (TAA) that meets the requirements of paragraph (j) of this section, or any combination thereof. The airplane must be appropriate to land or sea for the rating sought;
- One 2-hour cross country flight in a single engine airplane in daytime conditions that consists of a total straight-line distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure;
- One 2-hour cross country flight in a single engine airplane in nighttime conditions that consists of a total straight-line distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure; and
- Three hours in a single-engine airplane with an authorized instructor in preparation for the practical test within the preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test.
- 10 hours of solo flight time in a single engine airplane or 10 hours of flight time performing the duties of pilot in command in a single engine airplane with an authorized instructor on board (either of which may be credited towards the flight time requirement under paragraph (a)(2) of this section), on the areas of operation listed under 61.127(b)(1) that include
- One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nautical miles total distance, with landings at a minimum of three points, one of which is a straight-line distance of at least 250 nautical miles from the original departure point. However, if this requirement is being met in Hawaii, the longest segment need only have a straight-line distance of at least 150 nautical miles; and
- 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an operating control tower.
NOTE: Per 61.129(a), For an airplane single-engine rating; Read more
The multi-engine land rating is an add-on to an existing single-engine land private, commercial, or ATP certificate. For this rating, both VFR and IFR operations will be emphasized. There are no minimum time requirements for the multi-engine land rating; however, you will need an instructor endorsement for flight and ground training prior to taking the check ride. There is no written exam, only an oral exam and practical check ride are required.
Under the FAA Part 61, the required time for a person who applies for a private pilot certificate with an airplane category and multiengine class rating must log at least 40 hours of flight time that includes at least 20 hours of flight training from an authorized instructor and 10 hours of solo flight training in the areas of operation listed in 61.107(b)(2) of this part, and the training must include at least
- 3 hours of cross-country flight training in a multiengine airplane;
- Except as provided in 61.110 of this part, 3 hours of night flight training in a multiengine airplane that includes
- One cross-country flight of over 100 nautical miles total distance; and
- 10 takeoffs and 10 landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport.
- 3 hours of flight training in a multiengine airplane on the control and maneuvering of an airplane solely by reference to instruments, including straight and level flight, constant airspeed climbs and descents, turns to a heading, recovery from unusual flight attitudes, radio communications, and the use of navigation systems/facilities and radar services appropriate to instrument flight;
- 3 hours of flight training with an authorized instructor in a multiengine airplane in preparation for the practical test, which must have been performed within the preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test; and
- 10 hours of solo flight time in an airplane consisting of at least
- 5 hours of solo cross-country time;
- One solo cross country flight of 150 nautical miles total distance, with full-stop landings at three points, and one segment of the flight consisting of a straight-line distance of more than 50 nautical miles between the takeoff and landing locations; and
- Three takeoffs and three landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an operating control tower.
NOTE: Per 61.109(b), For an airplane multiengine rating; Read more
McAir offers training for instructor certificates.
Under the FAA Part 61, requirements for the issuance of flight instructor certificates and ratings consist of at least:
- Hold either a commercial pilot certificate or airline transport pilot certificate with:
- An aircraft category and class rating that is appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought; and
- An instrument rating, or privileges on that person’s pilot certificate that are appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought, if applying for
- A flight instructor certificate with an airplane category and single-engine class rating;
- A flight instructor certificate with an airplane category and multiengine class rating;
- A flight instructor certificate with a powered-lift rating; or
- A flight instructor certificate with an instrument rating.:
NOTE: Per 61.183(c), To be eligible for a flight instructor certificate or rating a person must; Read more
CFII or Certified Flight Instructor Instrument allows the certificate holder to teach instrument rating applicants; both on ground (aeronautical knowledge) and flight training. As part of the training, you’ll have the benefit of getting mountain flying experience, and learn real-world instrument flying while flying cross country in the western US.
Under the FAA Part 61, requirements for the issuance of a flight instructor may conduct instrument training for the issuance of an instrument rating, a type rating not limited to VFR, or the instrument training required for commercial pilot and airline transport pilot certificates if the following requirements are met:
- At least 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument flight time, and
- At least 15 hours of dual instrument flight instruction (although 30-40 hours are typically needed for safety and competency), including:
- one dual IFR cross-country of at least 250 nm with different instrument approaches at each of three airports, and
- 3 hours of instrument flight in preparation for the FAA practical test.
- Note that any actual or simulated instrument flight time that you have logged before beginning your Instrument rating training (such as the three hours of instrument flight time required for the Private Pilot certificate) will count toward these requirements.
NOTE: Per 61.183(c), To be eligible for a flight instructor certificate or rating a person must; Read more
In 2015, the FAA added the Airline Transport Pilot Certification Training Program (ATP-CTP) as a prerequisite to taking the ATP Knowledge Test. The ATP CTP is designed to bridge the knowledge gap between a pilot who holds a commercial pilot certificate and a pilot operating in an air carrier environment. In preparation for the FAA’s highest certificate, training will cover aerodynamics, automation, adverse weather conditions, air carrier operations, transport airplane performance, professionalism, and leadership and development.
Your KING ATP – Multiengine Ground School & Test Prep Course covers complicated performance charts, regulations, high-altitude weather, IFR procedures, operational factors, FARs, Weight & Balance. The Interactive Test Prep, included with your course, allows unlimited random practice tests, and lets you systematically review and focus on the areas that need extra attention.
This program meets the requirements of FAR 61.156. It bridges the knowledge gap between a pilot who holds a commercial pilot certificate and a pilot operating in an air carrier environment. Successful completion of the ATP CTP provides the baseline information and experience to prepare for the duties, responsibilities, and challenges of an air carrier environment.
- The applicant for the knowledge test must receive at least 30 hours of classroom instruction that includes the following:
- At least 8 hours of instruction on aerodynamics including high altitude operations;
- At least 2 hours of instruction on meteorology, including adverse weather phenomena and weather detection systems; and
- At least 14 hours of instruction on air carrier operations,
- At least 6 hours of instruction on leadership, professional development, crew resource management, and safety culture.
- A person who is applying for an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category and class rating must have at least 1,500 hours of required time as a pilot that includes at least:
- 500 hours of cross-country flight time.
- 100 hours of night flight time.
- 50 hours of flight time in the class of airplane for the rating sought. A maximum of 25 hours of training in a full flight simulator representing the class of airplane for the rating sought may be credited toward the flight time requirement of this paragraph if the training was accomplished as part of an approved training course in parts 121, 135, 141, or 142 of this chapter. A flight training device or aviation training device may not be used to satisfy this requirement.
- 75 hours of instrument flight time, in actual or simulated instrument conditions.
- 250 hours of flight time in an airplane as a pilot in command, or when serving as a required second in command flight crew member performing the duties of pilot in command while under the supervision of a pilot in command.
- Not more than 100 hours of the required aeronautical experience requirements of paragraph (a) of this section or 61.160 may be obtained in a full flight simulator or flight training device.